John James Audubon (1785-1851)
"Iceland or Jer Falcon." No. 13-2, Plate 19, from: The Birds of America
New York: Julius Bien, 1860-61
Rare Books Division, The New York Public Library
Lenox Library, Gift of Mrs. Henry Draper
The New York Public
Library owns a full set of the never-completed reprint of the original
plates, published by Audubon's son, John Woodhouse Audubon (18121862).
Offered at $500, half the price of the original edition, the plates were
to be produced by chromolithography. This work was executed by New York
lithographer Julius Bien (18261909), who had immigrated to America
in 1848. Only 105 of the original 435 plates were completed by 1861 when
the Civil War began, and the project came to a halt for lack of subscribers
and possible mishandling of funds.